Published 1997 by Winrock International, Forest, Farm and Community Tree Network, Taiwan Forestry Research Institute in Morrilton, Taipei .
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|Statement||editor: Mark H. Powell.|
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Download Calliandra calothyrsus production and use
Calliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn.) is a small tropical legume tree valued for its multipurpose in agroforestry systems, it yields many products (fuelwood, fodder, fibre, honey, shellac) and provides Calliandra calothyrsus production and use book (shade, erosion control, weed control, soil improvement, as an ornamental plant, etc.) (Orwa et al., ; Palmer et al., ; Wiersum et.
Calliandra calothyrsus, is a thorn less, small, perennial, shrub grows to m high, with diameter of trunk up to 30 cm with white-reddish brown bark. It belongs to Leguminosae family.
Distributed widely in humid and sub-humid regions of Central America and Mexico. It was brought to Indonesia in to control soil erosion and. Two on-farm experiments and one on-station observation were conducted between July and September to study the effect of supplementation with fresh fodder of Calliandra calothyrsus on milk production from grade Friesian and Ayrshire cows in the second trimester of their lactations.
The cattle were kept under zero-grazing systems on small farms in Cited by: Calliandra calothyrsus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects, bats.
The plant is not self-fertile. It can fix Nitrogen. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil.
Ravenelia reticulatae, a rust, has been reported on an Arizonan species of Calliandra called False-mesquite (Ag. Handbook ). Few pests have been reported from Calliandra calothyrsus in Indonesia—a scale insect on branches and stems, a trunk borer, and a looper eating the leaves.
Snails and rats may destroy seedlings in nurseries. The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation Publication Author Allen O.N.; Allen E.K. Publisher University of Wisconsin Year ISBN Description An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.].
Roshetko JM. Calliandra calothyrsus in Indonesia: Seed production in a small scale. In: Workshop on Seed Production and Utilization of Kaliandra. Bogor, Indonesia; p.
 Chamberlain JR, Rajaselvam RJ. Calliandra calothyrsus pollinator behavior and seed production. Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development; Cited by: 3.
Description. The genus comprises herbaceous perennial plants, shrubs, and rarely small trees, growing –6 m tall, with bipinnate leaves.
The flowers are produced in cylindrical or globose inflorescences and have numerous long Calliandra calothyrsus production and use book stamens which give rise to the common names powder-puff, powder puff plant, and fairy plants flower all year round, but the Clade: Tracheophytes.
The study objective was to ascertain the association between diet supplementation with Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban and milk production in dairy cattle on commercial smallholder farms. Effects of cutting frequencies on herbage biomass production and nutritive value of Morus alba and Calliandra calothyrsus were investigated.
Forage regrowth was harvested at. BIOMASS YIELD AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CALLIANDRA CALOTHYRSUS, DESMANTHUS VIRGATUS AND STYLOSANTHES HAMATA G.
Jayaprakash* 1, K. Shyama 2, P. Gangadevi 3, K. Ally 4, K.S. Anil 3, Asha K. Raj 5, M. Sathiyabarathi 6 and M. Arokia Robert 1 1Research Scholar, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur File Size: KB.
Calliandra calothyrsus calliandra, red calliandra Family Fabaceae (Mimosoideae). Native to the western coast of Mexico to the northern coast of Panama.
Leaves used for fodder and soil fertility enhancement. Wood used for fuel. JOY Goat Development Programme brings dairy goats to Ugandan rural communities through breeding with an improved buck and subsequent application of selective breeding.
Adding polyethylene glycol (PEG) to Calliandra calothyrsus gave no positive effect resluted in terms ogf milk production, where the Calliandra calothyrsus supplemented diet gave the same results as the control, which was grass hay while supplementation of L.
leucocephala and A. boliviana (Maasdorp et al., ). A nonprofit organization dedicated to providing educational resources about agroforestry, trees, and sustainable stewardship of land and water. It's mission is to promote sustainable, diverse, and thriving agroecosystems, communities, and economies through eduction and research.
Coppices of M. alba and C. calothyrsus, after the initial uniformity cut at 30 cm above the ground, were between 6 and 8 while their numbers increased to between 10 and 14 when they were thereafter subjected to cutting at 60 cm above the ground ().DM and CP yield of M.
alba leaves declined linearly (PCited by: Calliandra calothyrsus has been reported to have potential for agroforestry in the humid lowlands of West and Central Africa. Provenance evaluation of the species was initiated in Yaounde, Cameroon with the objective of identifying adapted provenances with desirable traits for inclusion in evaluation of the management of various agroforestry technologies being Cited by: Calliandra calothyrsus Production and Use.
Forest, Farm, and Community Tree Network (FACT Net) Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development Internet: [email protected] ***** FACT NET CANNOT PROVIDE COPIES OF ARTICLES Price is US$7 per volume plus shipping/handling. An agroforestry land use system aimed at improving the productivity of smallholder dairy farms using Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban shrubs as feed supplements was introduced to semi-commercial SDFs in Meru, Kenya, as part of a field trial.
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of using the C. calothyrsus and S. sesban on family income and livelihoods Author: D N Makau, J A VanLeeuwen, G K Gitau, S L McKenna, C Walton, J Muraya, J J Wichtel. Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn.
Calliandra calothyrsus Meisn. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Calliandra (family Leguminosae). The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on ) which reports it as an accepted name (record ) with original publication details: Linnaea Economic Importance: Animal food: fodder Environmental: erosion control (green manure & nitrogen fixation fide Pl Res SEAs ) ornamental (green manure & nitrogen fixation fide Pl Res SEAs ) soil improver (green manure & nitrogen fixation fide Pl Res SEAs ) Fuels: Materials: fiber (for pulp & paper production).
Calliandra calothyrsus, a popular agroforestry species for animal fodder and firewood production, can considerably reduce infestation of maize fields with the parasitic weed Striga. A pot experiment with Calliandra green manure showed a reduction in the presence of the, for this area, most important agricultural pest with almost 70% (Table 2).
Calliandra calothyrsus is a tree legume native to Mexico and Central America. The species has attracted considerable attention for its capacity to produce both fuelwood and foliage for either green manure or fodder. Its high content of proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins) and associated low digestibility has, however, limited its use as a feed for ruminants, and there is Cited by: Biomass Production.
Calliandra calothyrsus demonstrates good coppicing ability and therefore for biomass production, this is the preferred method of management. The crop is coppiced at intervals of less than 4 years depending on the size of material required. In Sri Lanka, the material that is generally used is of aFile Size: 1MB.
More dense spacing of m between plants can be used in high potential areas. Use manure and water the seedlings adequately. Calliandra trees are cut back at a height of 2m to between m and 1m to improve foliage which is used as fodder for livestock. Pests and disease control Calliandra is fairly resistant to pests and diseases.
Calliandra haematocephala – Red Powder Puff Plant Calliandra Varieties. surinamensis is the ‘Pink Powder Puff’. tweedii or Red Tassel Flower is a smaller growing species. They do not seem to tolerate frost at all.
Species such as C. calothyrsus are also used as fodder crops and for fuel in some countries. This study was conducted to compare the effect of selected arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi genera and their application rates for enhanced Calliandra growth in Uganda.
The performance of Calliandra under different types and rates of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi inoculation was assessed in the greenhouse using sterilized Mabira soils. Four dominant genera were isolated Cited by: 3. Chamberlain, J.R. Improving Seed Production in Calliandra calothyrsus: A Field Manual for Researchers and Extension Workers.
Miscellaneous Paper, Oxford Forestry Institute, Oxford UK. 37 pp. Contents may be reproduced without special permission. However, acknowledgement of source is requested. Calliandra calothyrsus - a multipurpose tree legume for humid locations with the production and use of tree legumes.
The text of this book is a compilation and expansion of the material. Chapter 6 (Page no: ) Calliandra calothyrsus: assessing the early stages of adoption of a fodder shrub in the highlands of Central Kenya. The uptake of calliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus) as a fodder shrub by small-scale dairy farmers was assessed several years after the shrubs were introduced to farmers in on-farm was strong evidence that farmers were adopting.
This bulletin provides information on the taxonomy, reproductive biology and seed production, seed collection and propagation, utilization and management (for fodder, green manure, fuel, shade, land rehabilitation, and honey and shellac production), provenance trials, molecular analysis of variation, and conservation of Calliandra by: 8.
Description Top of page. houstoniana var. calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub or small tree. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a trunk diameter of 30 cm, but its average height is m and diameter 20 cm.
Leafstalks of larger leaves cm, their longer interpinnal segments () mm; rachis of longer pinnae (4) 5. Faced with the growing problems of climate change, ecosystem degradation, declining agricultural productivity, and uncertain food security, modern agricultural scientists look for potential relief in an ancient practice.
Agroforestry, if properly designed, can mitigate greenhouse effects, maintain ecosystem health and biodiversity, provide food security, and. R – Genetic improvement of Calliandra calothyrsus – phase II i J.R.
Chamberlain Executive Summary Over the last ten years or so there has been substantial interest in cultivating Calliandra calothyrsus in the humid tropics, particularly on acid soils where other agroforestry species tend to Author: J.
Chamberlain. Calliandra is a large genus of tropical plants that consists of about species of small trees and evergreen, flowering shrubs.
Calliandra haematocephala, commonly known as the Powder Puff Tree, is native to South America. Powder Puffs grow up to 10 feet tall with an equal spread, but dwarf, foot varieties are also available.
Agroforestry is one of the most common land use systems across landscapes and agroecological zones in Africa but need much more adoption in. "The breeding system of Calliandra calothyrsus and the potential for genetic improvement", Forest Rajesh Rajaselvam. The ecological effects of pollution, disturbance, and other stressors, both anthropogenic and natural.
It was introduced in Indonesia to provide shade in coffee plantations, but the tree has now proved more useful for other purposes such as fod-der, fuelwood and land reclamation. In many parts. Media in category "Calliandra houstoniana var.
calothyrsus" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 m: Plantae. Calliandra é um gênero botânico exclusivamente neotropical com espécies de plantas com flores que pertence à família espécies estão presentes na Ásia, África, América do Norte, América Central, América do Sul e ser arbustos ou pequenas árvores de folhas bipinadas.
Suas flores tem formato globoso e são formadas por inúmeros estames .Photographic image and information about Calliandra calothyrsus in East Africa nation of Kenya. Fairy Duster Calliandra calothyrsus / Calliandra houstoniana Observed among roadside vegetation near Wundanyi, Taita Hills, Kenya.
May FLOWERS: A crowded spike of small flowers. Each flower has about 9 very long and conspicuous red to pink.Calliandra calothyrsus (Calliandra). This crop has an minimum optimum growing temperature of 22C and a maximum optimum growing temperature of 30C.